Difference between K2, Spice, and Synthetic Marijuana Herbal incenseJanuary 28, 2023
K2 Spice and Synthetic Marijuana Herbal incense of “herbal incense” as an “alternative” or “legal high” have increased. There are several names for it, including K2, Spice, Genie, Yucatan Fire, and many more. These products covertly spray one or more chemicals onto plant material that does not contain marijuana or other psychotropic plants.
Difference between K2, Spice, and Synthetic Marijuana Herbal incense
It’s vital to keep in mind that these medications contain manufactured, not “naturally occurring,” molecules despite the fact that they target the same receptors as marijuana/THC and cause a comparable euphoric high.
The dried, processed, organic plant material is packaged and offered for sale in some stores or online. Similar to regular marijuana, these products can be abused by smoking them like cigarettes, swallowing the dry, leafy components, or breathing the smoke from an open container or pipe.
Early research indicates that these chemicals, which are not FDA-approved, are more potent than THC. The use of these substances may result in a number of negative physiological and psychological effects, including the risk of overdose and the potential for increased dependence.
What exactly are these goods?
The sellers of these “synthetic marijuana” products assert that the items are made of “natural essences” or that they are “herbal” and “incense” mixtures. The materials common to many of these products include Baybean, Lion’s Tail, Indian Warrior, Maconha Brava, Marshmallow, and Siberian Motherwort, while the particular plant components indicated on the label may change slightly. Additionally, the plant material might be flavored with strawberry, cherry, blueberry, vanilla, honey, or honey.
The chemicals that are sprayed on the plant material are not disclosed on the label. The active components in marijuana and THC that affect the cannabinoid receptor(s) in charge of producing its effects are these compounds. Researchers and pharmaceutical companies who were looking into potential medical applications for medications that interacted with cannabinoid receptors initially produced the compounds.
These “herbal” mixes contain synthetic cannabinoid receptor medicines like HU-210, CP 47,497 homologs, JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-250, and JWH-398, among others. Researchers have also found chromium, menthol, caffeine, vitamin E, and caffeine in some samples of “herbal incense.” It’s amazing how many of these falsely labeled “herbal” goods have the disclaimer, “Contents are non-toxic and are NOT authorized by the FDA for HUMAN CONSUMPTION.”
One or more of these synthetic chemicals may be used by the producers of these “herbal incense” items. In addition, different products and even different batches of the same product have demonstrated to differ in the substance(s) applied to the plant material. K2, Spice, and other “herbal incense” blends are therefore a group of ingredients that can be misused to achieve a “high,” rather than a single product or drug.
Another issue that needs to be addressed is the possibility of inconsistent application of the dose of the synthetic substance(s), which might make any negative effects of using these drugs much more difficult to manage.
Do they pose a threat?
Many of the synthetic substances added to these products are anticipated to act on the cannabinoid receptor and cause effects similar to those of marijuana. The dose, effects, metabolism, and toxicity of these compounds are, however, largely unknown, in contrast to THC and marijuana, which have both been the subject of substantial research. There haven’t been any published, controlled human research using the synthesized compounds—all of the published investigations have either been in-vitro or in animals.
What is known is that several of these synthetic substances have greater potency than THC; in some cases, their potency may exceed 50 times. The danger of overdose and negative psychiatric effects may be higher with cannabis/THC than with other plant materials due to the increased potency and inconsistent application of the amount and kind of substance(s) to the plant material.
In comparison to THC, the duration of the effects on users varies, with certain drugs’ effects lasting for a shorter time and others for a longer time. In one study that was published, the researchers claimed that they experienced “minimal aftereffects the whole next day.” Additionally, it has been shown in a published study that tolerance to these synthetic medications develops more quickly, which could increase the danger of dependence.
Other negative effects include altered mood and perception, dry mouth, elevated heart rate, perceptions of reduced motor skills, agitation, and dry mouth. Some of these synthetic substances have been linked to cancer due to their chemical makeup, while other contaminants like chromium and caffeine present toxicological issues as well. Controlled research is unquestionably required to determine the whole spectrum of dangers connected to these “herbal incense” items and “synthetic marijuana” ingredients.
Regulations and legality
The majority of the compounds added to “herbal incense” are not on the United States Federal Government’s list of restricted narcotics, unlike drugs of abuse like marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines, or PCP. HU-210, a cannabinoid that is physically and pharmacologically comparable to THC, is the only one of these compounds that are now listed as a restricted substance.
Only Kansas and Kentucky currently have laws in place that restrict the distribution, possession, or consumption of K2, Spice, other related products, and/or the synthetic compounds added to these products, while a few states are taking legislative action against “synthetic marijuana”/”herbal incense” products.+
At least two more states have enacted bills that are waiting for their governors to sign them. At least one chamber in seven other states has introduced or passed legislation. A number of European nations have outlawed K2, spices, and related substances. Some U.S. military commands are also said to have prohibited Spice.
A drug test
THC is the molecule in conventional marijuana that interacts with brain receptors to produce the high in users. THC is metabolized by the body and expelled from the body through the urine. A marijuana metabolite called carboxy-THC is what a urine drug test finds when it reports “marijuana” as a positive result.
The process by which these “synthetic marijuana” chemicals are metabolized is unknown. Additionally, any laboratory analysis would need to screen for a range of “synthetic marijuana” metabolites because K2, Spice, and other analogous “herbal incense” products are not made of a single compound. Therefore, it is not now possible to do a urine drug test to detect K2, Spice, or “synthetic marijuana” metabolite(s).
Since “synthetic marijuana” or “herbal incense” cannot yet be detected by drug tests, employers who are concerned about the usage of this substance must adopt a sound policy in order to do so. For instance, similar to many corporate policies governing alcohol, employers could include a clause that forbids the use and/or possession of these substances while on company premises or while conducting business.
This strategy might be particularly useful in places that have enacted regulations governing the sale or consumption of these “synthetic marijuana” or “herbal incense” items. The preceding is not legal advice, and companies that want to create a policy like this should speak with a lawyer who is admitted to practice in their state.
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